Eyelid drooping
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Eyelid drooping

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Ptosis

Eyelid drooping is excess sagging of the upper eylid. The edge of the upper eyelid may be lower than it should be (ptosis) or there may be excess baggy skin in the upper eyelid (dermatochalasis). Eyelid drooping is often a combination of both conditions.

The problem is also called ptosis.

I Would Like to Learn About:

  • Causes

    A drooping eyelid is most often due to:

    • Weakness of the muscle that raises the eyelid
    • Damage to the nerves that control that muscle
    • Looseness of the skin of the upper eyelids

    Drooping eyelid can be:

    • Caused by the normal aging process
    • Present before birth
    • The result of an injury or disease

    Diseases or illnesses that may lead to eyelid drooping include:

    • Tumor around or behind the eye
    • Diabetes
    • Horner syndrome
    • Myasthenia gravis 
    • Stroke
    • Swelling in the eyelid, such as with a stye
  • Symptoms

    • Drooping of one or both eyelids
    • Increased tearing
    • Interference with vision (if the drooping is severe)
  • Exams and Tests

    When drooping is on one side only, it is easy to detect by comparing the two eyelids. Drooping is more difficult to detect when it occurs on both sides, or if there is only a slight problem.

    A physical exam will be done to determine the cause.

    Tests that may be performed include:

    • Slit-lamp examination
    • Tension test for myasthenia gravis
    • Visual field testing
  • Treatment

    If a disease is found, it will be treated. Most cases of drooping eyelids are due to aging and there is no disease involved.

    Eyelid lift surgery (blepharoplasty) is done to repair sagging or drooping upper eyelids.

    • In milder cases, it can be done to improve the appearance of the eyelids. 
    • In more severe cases, surgery may be needed to correct interference with vision.
    • In children with ptosis, surgery may be needed to prevent amblyopia, also called "lazy eye."
  • Outlook (Prognosis)

    A drooping eyelid can stay constant, worsen over time (be progressive), or come and go (be intermittent).

    The expected outcome depends on the cause of the ptosis. Surgery is usually very successful in restoring appearance and function.

  • When to Contact a Medical Professional

    Contact your health care provider if:

    • Eyelid drooping is affecting your appearance or vision
    • One eyelid suddenly droops or closes
    • It is associated with other symptoms, such as double vision or pain

    See an eye specialist (ophthalmologist) for:

    • Drooping eyelids in children
    • New or rapidly changing eyelid drooping in adults

Related Information

  DiabetesStrokeHorner syndromeMyasthenia gravis...Brain tumor - chil...CancerAmblyopia     Diabetes - type 1...StrokeBrain tumors - pri...

References

Davis CM, Dryden RM. Blepharoplasty. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Duane's Ophthalmology. 2013 ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013:vol 5, chap 74.

Savar A, Blaydon SM, Nakra T, Shore JW. Ptosis surgery. In: Tasman W, Jaeger EA, eds. Duane's Ophthalmology. 2013 ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2013:vol 5, chap 78.

Yanoff M, Cameron D. Diseases of the visual system. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 431.

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Review Date: 9/2/2014  

Reviewed By: Franklin W. Lusby, MD, ophthalmologist, Lusby Vision Institute, La Jolla, CA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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