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Pine oil poisoning
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Pine oil poisoning

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Pine oil is a germ-killer and disinfectant. This article discusses poisoning from swallowing pine oil.

This is for information only and not for use in the treatment or management of an actual poison exposure. If you have an exposure, you should call your local emergency number (such as 911) or the National Poison Control Center at 1-800-222-1222.

Pine oil (terpenes)

I Would Like to Learn About:

  • Poisonous Ingredient

    Pine oil (terpenes)

  • Where Found

    • Various cleaning products
    • Some porcelain cleaners
  • Symptoms

    • Eyes, ears, nose, and throat
      • Difficulty swallowing
      • Throat burning
      • Eye burning
    • Lungs
      • Breathing difficulty
    • Gastrointestinal
      • Abdominal pain
      • Diarrhea
      • Nausea
      • Vomiting
    • Heart and blood circulation
      • Rapid heartbeat
    • Nervous system
      • Unconsciousness
      • Convulsions
      • Dizziness
  • Home Care

    Seek immediate medical help. Do NOT make a person throw up unless you are told to do so by a doctor or poison control.

  • Before Calling Emergency

    Determine the following information:

    • The patient's age, weight, and condition
    • Name of product (as well as the ingredients and strength, if known)
    • The time it was swallowed
    • The amount swallowed
  • Poison Control

    The National Poison Control Center (1-800-222-1222) can be called from anywhere in the United States. This national hotline number will let you talk to experts in poisoning. They will give you further instructions.

    This is a free and confidential service. All local poison control centers in the United States use this national number. You should call if you have any questions about poisoning or poison prevention. It does NOT need to be an emergency. You can call for any reason, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

    Take the container with you to the hospital, if possible.

    See: Poison control center - emergency number

  • What to Expect at the Emergency Room

    The health care provider will measure and monitor the patient's vital signs, including temperature, pulse, breathing rate, and blood pressure. Blood and urine tests will be done. The patient may receive:

    • Endoscopy -- camera down the throat to see burns in the esophagus and the stomach
    • Fluids through a vein (by IV)
    • Medicines to treat symptoms
    • Tube through the mouth into the stomach to wash out the stomach (gastric lavage)
    • Washing of the skin (irrigation), perhaps every few hours for several days
    • Skin debridement (surgical removal of burned skin)
  • Outlook (Prognosis)

    How well a patient does depends on the amount of poison swallowed and how quickly treatment was received. Swallowing pine oil can have severe effects on many parts of the body. Usually the biggest problem is that pine oil is swallowed (aspirated) into the lungs instead of the stomach, causing problems breathing.

    The faster a patient gets medical help, the better the chance for recovery.

Related Information

     

References

Ford M, Delaney KA, Ling L, Erickson T, eds. Clinical Toxicology. 1st ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2001.

Goldfrank LR, Flomenbaum NE, Lewin NA, et al, eds. Goldfrank's Toxicologic Emergencies. 8th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill; 2006.

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Review Date: 8/3/2011  

Reviewed By: Eric Perez, MD, Department of Emergency Medicine, St. Luke's-Roosevelt Hospital Center, New York, NY. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Inc.

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.

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