During a physical exam, your health care provider may find:
- Enlarged or tender lymph nodes in your groin
- Fluid released from your urethra
- Swollen or tender scrotum
The health care provider will perform a digital rectal exam to examine your prostate. During this exam, the provider inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum.
The exam may reveal that the prostate is:
- Large and soft (with a chronic prostate infection)
- Warm, soft, swollen, or tender (with an acute prostate infection)
Your doctor may do a prostatic massage to see whether you have an infection. To do this exam:
- The health care provider will rub a gloved finger over the prostate gland a few times to release fluid from the urethra
- The fluid will be examined for signs of an infection
Urine samples may be collected for urinalysis and urine culture.
Prostatitis may affect the results of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA), a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer.